Over the last few decades, we witnessed a significant increase in temperature and changing rainfall patterns. As a result, local farmers also have more difficulty making a living from the highly-competitive world market prices.
Climate change affects everyone globally, directly or indirectly. However, for the masses of smallholder farmers who make up 75% of West Africa, a slight shift in weather patterns means hunger or even death.
The constant input requirements of seeds, fertilizer, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides etc., means farmers are highly dependent on a good harvest to continue production. What happens if this cycle breaks?
African countries have long suffered the brunt of climate change-related disasters, although contributing little to the cause. Africa’s ability to adapt to climate change heavily depends on transforming the food and agricultural system into an environmentally sound, resilient, healthy, and sustainable sector.